This case began as a class action but was denied class certification, resulting in a group of 79 African American plaintiffs who were current or retired employees of the Northrop Grumman Ship Systems (NGSS) shipyard in Pascagoula, Mississippi (a.k.a., the Ingalls Shipyard). This shipyard built ships for the U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard, and was the largest employer on the Gulf Coast. The 79 plaintiffs now were individually suing NGSS alleging systemic patterns of racially-biased personnel decisions, including pay and promotion opportunities, as well as a hostile work environment.
Econ One was retained by The Legal Aid Society – Employment Law Center, co-counsel for the plaintiffs, to provide expert analysis regarding liability and back pay damages. Louis Lanier analyzed 14 years of personnel data from the shipyard to uncover whether there were racially-biased patterns of employment outcomes. Dr. Lanier submitted two expert reports addressing liability. He provided deposition testimony as to the existence of statistically significant racial patterns in both pay and promotion outcomes to the disadvantage of African American employees. Dr. Lanier also has submitted several expert reports and provided testimony regarding back pay damages for individual plaintiff claims.